Terminologie & Technieken


Kyokushin Terminology

 General Vocabulary

HaiYes
IeeNo
WatashiMe / I
AnataYou
KareHim
DokoWhere
NanWhat
DareWho
DoshiteWhy
ItsuWhen
Do/IkagaHow
IkuraHow many

 General Japanese Greetings & Expressions

Ohayô gozaimasuGood morning
KonnichiwaHello/Good afternoon
KonbanwaGood evening
Arigatô gozaimasuThank you!
HajimemashiteHow do you do?
Douzo yoroshikuNice to meet you!
Dewa mataSee you later
Mata ashitaSee you tomorrow
Ja mataSee ya! (less formal)
SayonaraGoodbye
Shitsurei shimasuI'm leaving (very formal)
SumimasenExcuse me
DômoThanks!
Dômo arigatou gozaimashitaThank you very much (very polite)
OnegaishimasuPlease

 
 Greetings and Salutes

 
OsuPatience and Determination. Comes from 'oshi shinobu' which means to never give up. It also comes from 'osu no seishin' which means perseverance under pressure.
It is used among kyokushin practionners to show respect or to say "I understand".
Shinzen ni reiGreeting to the ancestors
Shomen ni reiGreeting in direction of the person standing in the place of honor (usually more elevated than the students)
MokusoMeditation (silent thought) / Close your eyes
Mokuso yameOpen your eyes
Mas Oyama ni reiGreeting to Mas Oyama
Shihan ni reiGreeting to the Shihan
Sensei ni reiGreeting to the teacher
Sempai ni reiGreeting to the assistant teacher
Otagai ni reiGreeting to the other students
Tatte kudasaiStand on your feet (right foot first)
Osu onegai shimasuCourtesy call when start the class / to your practice partner
Osu Arigato gozaimashitaThank you so much
Osu Shitsurei shimasuExcuse me
Osu Shitsurei shimashitaI apologize

 
 Titles and Status

 
SosaiPresident
KanchoDirector
HanshiHonorable Master
ShihanGrand Master (5th dan or more)
SenseiSchool Master / Teacher (3rd dan or more)
SempaiSenior / Teacher's assistant
ShidoinInstructor
KaratekaStudent
KohaiJunior student
OtagaiEach other / Other students
YudanshaBlack belt student

 
 Places and Clothing

 
HonbuHead quarters
DojoTraining Hall (Way place)
Dogi (gi)Training clothes
ObiBelt
KyuBelt dash for lower belts (colored-belts)
DanBelt dash for black belts
Kuroi obiBlack belt
Shodan ShinsaDan test / Black Belt test
Shokyu ShinsaKyu Test / Color belt test
NyumonJoin to the Dojo
HamonExcommunicate
Shonen buKids class
Jyoshi buLadies class
Ippan buRegular adult class
Sonen buSenior class

 
 Basic Terminology (kihon jutsugo)

 
AnzaRelaxed Sitting
BunkaiApplication (analysis)
BudoMartial Way
DoPath
Dojo KunTraining Hall Oath
FukusoAccouterment
FumiashiStep (with a change of feet)
GasshukokuUnited States
Goshin jutsuSelf defense
HanmiUpper body shifted angled to avoid direct strike and ready for your next move
IbukiForced Tension Breathing
KarateEmpty hand
KamaeteTake Ready Position
KataForm
KiInner Energy
KiaiExplosive Scream
Kiai IreteWith Explosive Energy
KihonBasics
Kihon wazaBasic techniques
KimeFocus
KokusaiInternational
KosaSwitch (i.e. switch stance L to R or R to L)
KotaiSwitch (i.e. partners switch places in a drill)
KumiteCombat
KyokushinUltimate Truth
Yakusoku kumitePre-arranged combat
Ippon kumitePre-arranged combat / 1 block and 1 counter-attack (the two participants are standing at the same place)
Sanbon kumitePre-arranged combat / 3 blocks followed by 3 counter- attacks while the participants move straight.
Jiyu kumiteFree-sparring
Jissen kumiteFull contact fighting
MaaiInterval (between opponents)
MakiwaraStriking Post (straw wrapped)
MugoreiNo Counting (no commands)
MushinWithout Thought (no mind)
NaoreReturn to Starting Position
NogareCalm Controlled Breathing / Breathing technique - breath silently
OkuriashiShuffle Step (sending foot)
ReiBow / Greeting / Homage
RenmeiFederation
RenmaPolishing, Training
RenrakuCombinations
SeishinSpirit
TatteStand up
MawatteTurn
HantaiOpposite side
YameStop
YasumeRest, at Ease
YoiReady
SeizaFormal Kneeling (correct sitting)
KamaeteOn guard
HajimeStart
RyuStyle (of karate)
TameshiwariBraking exercise / test (wood, ciment, ice, baseball bat, etc)
TandenCenter of Body (below navel)
WazaTechnique(s)
ZanshinRemain Alert (remaining mind)

 
 Directions

 
JodanUpper Level
ChudanMiddle Level
GedanLower Level
AgeRising / While raising
Happo8 directions
HidariLeft
JujiCross arm
KakeHooked
MaeFront, forward
 
MawashiRound, Circular
MigiRight
NanameIn diagonal, at 45 degrees
OroshiDescending / While going down
SagariWhile going backward
SayuLeft and right alternatively
ShitaFrom below / down
ShomenFront of Dojo
SotoFrom outside to inside, outside
TobiWhile jumping
Naka / UchiFron inside to outside, inside
UeUp
UraReverse, Backward
UshiroBehind
YokoOn sides, from sides

 
 Colors

 
AkaRed
ShiroWhite
KiiroYellow
ChaBrown
AoBlue
MidoriGreen
KuroBlack

 
 Body Weapons - The hand and arms as weapon

 
SeikenFist / Forefist (correct fist)
ShutoKnife hand
TeHand
Hiji / EnpiElbow
TetsuiHammer fist
KokenArc fist
UrakenReverse fist / Back hand
HaishoBackhand
HaitoReverse knife hand
HirakenFlat Fist
NukiteFinger tip strike
Nakayubi Ippon KenMiddle Finger Knuckle Fist
Oyayubi Ippon KenThumb Knuckle Fist
ShoteiPalm heel
KoteForearm
RyutokenDragon's Head Fist
TohoSword Peak Hand

 
 Body Weapons - The leg and foot as a weapon

 
SokutoKnife edge foot
HaisokuInstep
KakatoHeel
HizaKnee
ChusokuBall of the foot
TeisokuArch of the foot
SuneShin
TsumasakiToe

 
 Body Weapons - Others

 
ZutsukiHead-butt
TaiatariTackle
KiaiSpirited shout

 
 Body parts as a target

 
Jodan (Neck and Head)Chudan (Torso area)Gedan (Groin and legs)
Ago (Chin / Jaw)Suigetsu / Hara (Stomach / Solar Plexus)Kinteki (kin) (Groin)
Me (Eye)Mune (Chest)Ashi (Leg)
Hana (Nose)Sakotsu (Clavicle / Collarbone)Hiza (Knee)
Nodo (Throat)Rokkotsu / Abara (Rib)Kansetsu (Joint)
Komekami (Temple)Kata (Shoulder)Momo (Thigh)
Kuchi (Mouth)Hizo (Spleen)Koshi (Hip)
Mimi (Ear)Kanzo (Liver)Sune (Shin)
Kubi (Neck)Senaka / Ushiro (Back)Kakato (Heel)
Ganmen (Face)Shinzo (Heart)Fukurahagi (Calf)
Jinchu (Spot between nose & mouth)Ude (Arms)
 
Miken (Spot between eyes)Te (Hand)
 
Atama (Head)Yubi (Finger)
 

 
Tekubi (Wrist)
 

 
Kobushi / Ken (Fist)
 

 
 Kihon Waza (Basic techniques)

 
TsukiPunch (thrust)
UchiStrike
UkeBlock
GeriKick

 
 Stances (the word "tachi" & "dachi" has same meaning)

 
Heisoku dachiClosed foot stance
Musubi dachiOpen Foot (connected) Stance / Toes open & heels together
Soto hachiji dachiOuter figure 8 stance
Moro ashi dachiOne Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance / Two legged parallel stance
Kokutsu dachiBack leaning stance
Kake ashi dachiCross legs stance
Kiba dachiHorse back riding stance
Tsuru ashi dachiCrane stance
Heiko dachiParallel stance
Uchi hachiji dachiInner figure 8 stance
Yoi Dachi / Shizentai Ready Stance
Fudo dachiImmobile stance
Sanchin dachiThree Point Stance / Basic practice stance
Neko ashi dachiCat stance
Zenkutsu dachiForward leaning stance
Shiko dachiSumo stance
Tsuru Ashi DachiCrane Stance
Kumite DachiFighting Stance
Han MiHalf Body Stance
Migi Ashi MaeRight Foot Forward
Hidari Ashi MaeLeft Foot Forward


 
 Punching Techniques (tsuki waza)

 
Seiken chudan / Jodan tsukiFist strike to the chudan / jodan
Seiken ago uchiFist strike to the chin
Seiken Furi UchiHook Strike
Seiken Oi TsukiLunge Punch
Seiken Morote TsukiTwo-Handed Punch
Seiken Gyaku TsukiReverse Punch
Seiken Tate TsukiVertical Punch
Seiken Jun TsukiSide (corresponding) Punch
Uraken ganmen uchiBack fist strike to the face
Uraken sayu uchiBack fist strike to the left & right opponents
Uraken hizo uchiBack fist strike to side of the stomach
Uraken Oroshi Ganmen UchiDescending Face Strike
Uraken mawashi uchiBack fist roundhouse strike to the temple
Shita tsukiFlipped fist strike to the middle section
Tetsui Oroshi Ganmen UchiDescending Face Strike with hammer fist
Tetsui Komekami UchiTemple Strike with hammer fist
Tetsui Hizo UchiSpleen Strike with hammer fist
Tetsui Mae Yoko UchiForward Side Strike with hammer fist
Tetsui Yoko UchiSide Strike with hammer fist
EnpiElbow strike

 
 Striking Techniques (uchi waza)

 
Shuto ganmen uchiShuto strike to the temple
Shuto sakotsu uchiShuto down strike to the collarbone
Shuto sakotsu uchikomiShuto forward strike to the collarbone
Shuto uchi uchiShuto outward strike to the temple or neck
Shuto hizo uchiShuto strike to the spleen/abdomen
Shuto Yoko Ganmen UchiSide Face Strike
Nihon NukiteTwo-Fingered Spear Hand
Yonhon NukiteFour-Fingered Spear Hand
Shotei UchiPalm Heel Strike
Hiji AteElbow Strike
Mae Hiji AteForward Elbow Strike
Age Hiji AteRising Elbow Strike
Ushiro Hiji AteBackwards Elbow Strike
Oroshi Hiji AteDescending Elbow Strike

 
 Blocking techniques (uke waza)

 
Jodan ukeUpper block
Soto ukeMiddle section from outside to inside
Uchi ukeMiddle section from inside to outside
Gedan baraiLower block
Kosa uke / Uchiuke gedanbaraiUchiuke & gedanbarai at a same time
Morote Chudan Uchi UkeTwo-Handed Middle Area Inside Block
Mawashi ukeRoundhouse block
Shuto mawashi ukeShuto roundhouse block
Juji UkeCrossed Block
Kake UkeHooked Block
Shotei UkePalm Heel Block
Enkei gyaku tsukiReverse strike with circular motion block on Zenkutsu dachi stance

 
 Kicking Techniques (geri waza)

 
Mae keageFront upper kick with no knee snap
Hiza geriKnee kick
Kin geriGroin kick
Mae geriFront snap kick
Yoko keageSide upper kick with no knee snap
Kansetsu geriKnee joint kick
Yoko geriSide kick
Ushiro geriBack kick
Uchi mawashi geriRoundhouse kick with no knee snap outward
Soto mawashi geriRoundhouse kick with no knee snap inward
Mawashi geriRoundhouse kick
Ushiro mawashi geriSpinning roundhouse kick
Kakato otoshiax kick
Domawashi kaiten geriSuicidal jumping spin kick
Tobi geriJumping kick
Tobi Mae GeriJumping Front Kick
Nidan geriJumping kick with shuffle legs

 
 Name of the Kata

 
Taikyoku sono ichiTaikyoku sono niTaikyoku sono san
All Taikyoku Kata has Ura (Reverse = spin)

 
Sokugi Taikyoku sono ichiSokugi Taikyoku sono ni 
Sokugi Taikyoku sono san
 
 

 
Pinan sono ichiPinan sono niPinan sono sanPinan sono yonPinan sono go
All Pinan Kata has Ura (Reverse = spin)

 
SanchinYantsuTsuki no Kata
Gekisai daiGekisai shoTensho
SaifaSeienchinGaryu
SeipaiKankuSushiho
Tekki sono ichiTekki sono niTekki sono san
Bo kihon sono ichiJuji Kata no kataJuji keri no Kata
ChionNunchaku kihon sono ichiTonfa kihon sono ichi
Bassai daiSoki 
Taizan

 
 Numbers (kazu)

 
1 (Ichi)2 (Ni)3 (San)4 (Shi / Yon)5 (Go)
6 (Roku)7 (Shichi / Nana)8 (Hachi)9 (Kyu)10 (Jyu)
11 (Jyu Ichi)12 (Jyu Ni)13 (Jyu San)14 (Jyu Shi)15 (Jyu Go)
16 (Jyu Roku)17 (Jyu Shichi)18 (Jyu Hachi)19 (Jyu Kyu)20 (Ni Jyu)
30 (San Jyu)40 (Yon Jyu)50 (Go Jyu)60 (Roku Jyu)70 (Nana Jyu)
80 (Hachi Jyu)90 (Kyu Jyu)100 (Hyaku)1000 (Sen)10000 (Man)

 
 Tournament Terminology (taikai jutsugo)

 
Awasete IpponAdds Up to One Point
ShomenFront
ShushinReferee
SeizaSit down
KamaeteOn guard
YameStop
ShiroWhite
GentenPenalty
Genten ichiMinus 1 point
ReiBow
OtagaiEach other
MawatteTurn
HajimeStart
AkaRed
KachiWin
ChuiWarning
Genten niMinus 2 point
Genten san = shikkakuMinus 3 point = disqualified
Hantei onegai shimasuPlease give the judgment
HanteiDecision / Judgement
Waza ariHalf point
ZokkoContinue / Resume Fighting
AkushuShake hands
IpponOne Point / Knock out = fight ends
EnchoOvertime Round (extension)
FukushinCorner Judge (assistant referee)
Fukushin ShugoReferees' Conference
HikiwakeDraw, Tie
Senshuken TaikaiChampionship Tournament
ShikakuDisqualification

 

 
- Warning technique (chui) -
 
Ganmen odaFace punch
TsukamiGrabbing
Kinteki geriGroin kick
NageThrowing
OshiPush
KakeHook
Kansetsu geriKnee joint kick
Atama wo tsuketeno kogekiAttach with head on opponent
Senaka / Sekizui eno kogekiStrike to the back / spinal area
Taoreta aite eno kogekiAttack to the downed opponent
Waza no kake nigeThrowing technique for escape purpose
Seni soshitsuLost of intent to fight

 
 Training

 
HokyoStrength training e.g. Push ups
KentateFist push ups
YubitateFinger push ups
Fukkinabdominal exercises / crunch / sit-up
HaikinBack extention
SukuwattoSquat
SakadachiHand standing
JunanStretching
BoguProtection gear
MizuWater